[ Browse by Service Category : Sub-Topics of Criminal Justice and Legal Services ]
Federal and provincial judicial bodies whose function is to resolve disputes and dispense justice according to the principles of law and equity. Court processes involve interpreting the laws; presiding over encounters between the prosecution and defence in criminal matters and plaintiffs and defendants in civil matters; examining evidence and the credibility of witnesses; instructing juries; and determining liability and damages in civil matters and guilt or acquittal and sentencing in criminal matters. Courts also have the power to grant restraining orders, injunctions or other restrictions in appropriate circumstances.
Programs that provide for the detention, confinement, rehabilitation and care of offenders who are inmates in correctional facilities or participants in alternative programs; and/or which are responsible for the supervision and support of ex-offenders upon release from a correctional facility.
City, county, provincial or federal government agencies or university departments that are responsible for preserving peace, protecting life and property, preventing and detecting crime and apprehending and arresting suspects. Also included are special constabularies that have full peace officer powers but only within limited jurisdictions, e.g., public parks, public transit facilities, public housing projects.
Programs offered by law enforcement agencies and other organizations that provide specific measures for discouraging preventable crime, obtaining information from the public about suspected criminal activity, investigating alleged crimes, analyzing physical evidence, providing support for victims and witnesses of crimes and reducing targeted types of crime.
Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, class action litigation, legal counselling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counselling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.